Decision 501 of CAN (Andean Community of Nations) defines the Border Integration Zone (ZIF- Zona de Integración Fronteriza) as the adjacent border territorial area. The ZIF Ecuador-Peru was defined by the exchange of Verbal Notes of both countries[1]. Both notes were published in the Official Gazette of the Cartagena Agreement No. 888, dated January 21, 2003. The provinces and Departments integrated under this ZIF are for Ecuador: province of El Oro and its 14 cantons; province of Loja and its 16 cantons; Amazon provinces of Zamora Chinchipe, Morona Santiago, Orellana, Pastaza, Sucumbíos y Napo and 38 cantons. For Peru: departments of Tumbes and Piura; provinces of Maynas and high Amazon from department of Loreto. Provinces of Jaén and San Ignacio from department of Cajamarca.

The ZIF includes 420 thousand km2, along 1,500 km of the border line, of which 133,464 km2 are on the Ecuadorian side corresponding to 47% of the national surface, while on the Peruvian side the surface is 287 thousand km2 that represents 22% of the total area of ​​the territory of Peru. The border area is very diverse and goes from the coastal zone of the Pacific to the tropical humid Amazon forest. The Peruvian-Ecuadorian border region presents a heterogeneity of ecosystems and a great socio-cultural wealth. It is due to its geographic, cultural, economic, social and demographic characteristics that have facilitated the integration of neighboring populations.

The "Border Region", is a subnational area from the perspective of planning and development that generally coincides with the limits of major political-administrative units and where bilateral policies can be implemented in the search for integral development with the participation of the different political, social and economic actors, be they national or from neighboring states.

The Binational Development Plan of the Peru-Ecuador Border Region[2] was already established resulting from the Comprehensive Border Integration, Development and Neighborhood Agreement, signed in Brasilia on October 26, 1998[3]. It was extended in June 2007 (validity 2009-2014) and again in 2014 until 2024 according to the diplomatic note. The Plan constitutes a state policy that promotes cooperation between both countries. The main objective is to help improving the quality of life of the population of northern and north-eastern Peru and the south and east of Ecuador, carrying out activities and promoting projects and programs that allow to economically integrate the border region and accelerate its productive and social development while minimising the negative effects of the environmental impact. The Binational Plan is articulated under four programmes: Binational Program of Social and Productive Infrastructure Projects; Ecuadorian and Peruvian National Programs of Construction and Improvement of Productive Infrastructure in Border Regions; Ecuadorian and Peruvian National Construction Programs and Improvement of Social Infrastructure and Environmental Aspects in Border Regions; and, Programs to Promote Private Investment.

A binational Fund has been also established as one of the main financial mechanisms of the Binational Plan, that focus on the evaluation, and monitoring of those projects in which it has placed financial resources and are executed by those entities, public or private, with which cooperation agreements have been signed for the respective implementation.

The main binational coordination mechanisms are[4]:

  • Presidential Encounters and Binational Cabinets: From June 2007 the Presidents from both countries met at and decided to strengthen the existing mechanisms in the bilateral sphere and the application of the Agreements of Brasilia of 1998. Since that date every year, a Presidential Meeting and Binational Cabinet is held, alternating in Peru and Ecuador. It is the largest instance of binational coordination. Heads of State Martin Vizcarra (Peru) and Lenin Moreno (Ecuador) presided on 26 October the 12th Binational Cabinet in Quito[5].
  • Neighbourhood Commission: a political instance and mechanism to promote, support and coordinate the programs, projects and activities that generate rapprochement and community of interests. It is responsible for establishing the general guidelines for bilateral cooperation, the application of the border regime and for the smooth running of the Binational Development Plan. It identifies and promotes projects and initiatives, economically and socially significant for both countries, with emphasis on the improvement of infrastructure, services and the use of shared resources. It is chaired by the Foreign Ministers of Ecuador and Peru.
  • Bilateral meetings of high-level authorities: Led by the Ministers of both countries, they review, evaluate and propose new actions of the sector to which they belong. The following meetings have been established: Security and Defense Axis and of the Social Axis.
  • Binational Technical Committees: chaired by the Foreign Ministries are made up of representatives of the institutions responsible for the issues addressed in the different areas.
  • Border Committees: border level and territorial coordination mechanism to promote and monitor the implementation of the agreements of the Border Regime, propose procedures and agile and timely solutions to the problems of the transit of people, goods and means of transport through the border crossings, ports and airports enabled. The following Committes are established:  El Oro-Tumbes, Loja-Piura and Zamora Chinchipe-Cajamarca.
  • Binational Borders Commission: with the mission of coordinating, evaluating and supervising the fulfillment of the military and police border security commitments signed between the two countries.
  • Work groups: bilateral spaces of technical-political level, which function is to promote new strategic areas of the bilateral relationship, following up on agreements established in its scope. Among those that are in force are road Integration and the telecommunications Working Groups.

As for the potential value chains to be prioritised for this border are the following ones are among the most relevant ones: Amazonian fruits, forest products, fish farming, potatoes, coffee and tourism.

 

[1] Ecuador (21136-DGAF of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Integration), Peru (5-12-M / 135 of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs)

[2] https://planbinacional.org.pe/que-es-el-plan-binacional/

[3] Acuerdo Amplio de Integración Fronteriza, Desarrollo y Vecindad, suscrito en Brasilia el 26 octubre de 1998

[4] http://planbinacional.gob.ec/mecanismos-de-coordinacion-binacional/

[5] https://andina.pe/ingles/noticia-peru-ecuador-presidents-lead-12th-binational-cabinet-730875.aspx

Peru-Ecuador Border: First working meeting

The first working meeting for the Peru-Ecuador border will take place on June 6 and 7 in Jaén, Cajamarca Peru. The event will be supported by the Regional Government of Cajamarca.

The first bi-national working meeting aims to define the scope and products of the project intervention within the framework of innovation and technology interests for the chosen value chains, generate a commitment among regional stakeholders for cross-border collaboration as well as to strengthen local capacity and commitment to growth driven by innovation.

Specificallyl, this opening conference aims to consolidate the work done in the INNOVACT project:

  • Present the INNOVACT project: methodology and next steps.
  • transfer knowledge; based on the European experience, on support for innovation and strategic planning for innovation on ways of cooperation, including the presentation of successful examples.
  • Present the strategic analysis for innovation cooperation in priority value chains together with relevant stakeholders. The priority value chains for the Ecuador-Peru border are coffee and tourism.
  • Work with the participants and agree on the next steps with the participants
  • Train participants with the information shared by European experts.

INNOVACT has focused and will focus on highlighting the principles that guide the project around the notion of territorial cohesion, especially the fact that for the development of cross-border cooperation, the following aspects are necessary: the development of adequate governance mechanisms, the strengthening of institutional capacities in the regional and local levels, as well as the commitment of the actors in the promotion of innovation as an essential factor of economic and social growth in the border regions.

This event will combine master presentations and plenary sessions (presentation of summaries of the thematic strategies) with interactive working groups, where the thematic working groups will present their strategy and proposals in detail for discussion with delegates in order to validate, adjust and - where possible - to generate a commitment of greater support and possibly financing.

It will give continuity to the events carried out previously and it is expected that they will be two-day events based on the results that have been achieved in the project and in previous events. The event will feature EU cross-border experts, with the aim of strengthening regional capacity building and knowledge transfer, on the one hand, and identifying potential joint EU-LATAM value chain development projects, on the other.

Register now to be aware of the event agenda as well as the documents that will be published after the event.

Syllabus

Primer día: 06 de junio

El programa del día uno, consistirá en la presentación de dos ponencias magistrales, la primera dirigida a abordar la importancia de la cooperación transfronteriza con el ejemplo del caso europeo y la segunda, para brindar un repaso sobre las acciones de Ecuador-Perú, en el caso del Plan Binacional. De igual manera se presentará de manera breve la metodología del INNOVACT. Después, se realizarán dos presentaciones por parte de especialistas europeos, una sobre la innovación en el tema de turismo y otra en el café. A partir de estas presentaciones se trabajará en grupos de trabajo, donde los participantes podrán presentar las iniciativas de cada región en el rubro seleccionado.  Una vez realizadas las presentaciones, de manera seguida, se trabajará en dos grupos para afinar el enfoque general del Plan de Acción. El grupo de turismo trabajará con la persona especialista de turismo. El grupo de café ídem. El objetivo, es abordar las brechas de innovación en ambas cadenas, con la ayuda de las personas especialistas, con el fin de buscar posibles soluciones. Es importante, esbozar estos posibles caminos, con el fin de poder, de manera posterior ubicar entre el Consorcio INNOVACT personas que puedan apuntalar los temas de manera virtual.

Segundo día: 07 de junio

En este día se trabajará desde las 08:00 a las 11:00, a manera de un desayuno de trabajo. El menor tiempo, se debe a que, por cuestiones de seguridad y las malas condiciones de la vía de las personas que se trasladan a Ecuador, no es posible viajar en horas de la tarde. La primera parte, se dedicará a revisar el resultado grupal del día anterior de ambas cadenas en plenaria. La segunda parte, estará direccionada por los especialistas de turismo y la especialista de cacao, para aterrizar los mensajes finales. Estos mensajes se trabajarán en plenaria para transformarlos en acuerdos mínimos, los mismos que, serán recogidos con la ayuda de cuerpo de secretariado del Consejo Provincial, quienes elaborarán el acta final, para aprobación y firma de los presentes. Se entregarán certificados de asistencia. La foto oficial estará a cargo del proyecto en conjunto con el Gobierno Regional de Cajamarca.

Facilitación y dinámica de reuniones

Para el evento, el equipo del proyecto estará representado por expertos principales de la UE (cooperación transfronteriza e innovación regional, etc.), expertos de ambos países y expertos del equipo INNOVACT. La reunión estará también apoyada por facilitación que permitirán hacer más efectivos los trabajos en grupo y obtener los resultados previstos inicialmente.

A lo largo del evento, se brindarán dos espacios de networking llamados de Cohesión Social; los cuales, estarán a cargo de la Cámara de Turismo de Jaén. Así mismo, se tendrán dos salas para el trabajo paralelo de grupos y una sala para reuniones de Petit Comité.

Resultados previstos

  • Un grupo de actores de la ZIFEP, acoplan herramientas innovadoras de planeación y toma de decisiones para cambiar paradigmas en sus territorios, utilizando ejemplos de fronteras europeas competitivas en las cadenas de turismo y café.
  • Un evento que posiciona a la ZIFEP en las agendas locales, nacionales y binacionales en los temas de innovación y emprendimiento productivo de turismo y cacao.
  • El proceso de gobernabilidad transfronteriza iniciado por INNOVACT se consolida a través de grupos de trabajo en ambas cadenas, para consolidar los planes de acciones futuros.
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